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Monday, March 2, 2009

0060: Actus Essendi: The Text from In Metaphysicorum 4, 2, No. 6

Entry 0060: Actus Essendi - The Text from In Metaphysicorum 4, 2, No. 6

Here is another text from the "Series of Texts in which Aquinas Explicitly uses the Expression Actus Essendi:"

Sciendum est enim quod hoc nomen homo, imponitur a quidditate, sive a natura hominis; et hoc nomen res imponitur a quidditate tantum; hoc vero nomen ens, imponitur ab actu essendi: et hoc nomen unum, ab ordine vel indivisione. Est enim unum ens indivisum. Idem autem est quod habet essentiam et quidditatem per illam essentiam, et quod est in se indivisum. Unde ista tria, res, ens, unum, significant omnino idem, sed secundum diversas rationes.

Translation:

For it must be borne in mind that the term 'man' is derived from the quiddity or the nature of man, and the term 'thing' from the quiddity only; but the term 'being' is derived from the 'act of being,' and the term 'one' from order or lack of division; for what is one is an undivided being. Now what has an essence, and a quiddity by reason of that essence, and what is undivided in itself, are the same. Hence these three—thing, being, and one—signify absolutely the same thing but according to different concepts.