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Monday, October 15, 2012

0247: Actus Essendi – Point of Departure for the Existence of God (I)



Entry 0247: Actus Essendi  Point of Departure for the Existence of God (I)


John Wippel writes that “in the order of discovery one may move from one’s discovery of individual beings as participating in
esse commune to the caused character of such beings, and then on to the existence of their unparticipated source (esse subsistens). Once this is established, one can then speak of them as actually participating in esse subsistens as well.”


Wippel then explains that “in the order of philosophical discovery the first [kind of participation, i.e., participation in esse commune] should ultimately lead to the second, [participation in esse subsistens].” Accordingly,  Wippel remarks that “in the order of nature, on the other hand, the second, [participation in esse subsistens], is the ultimate metaphysical foundation for the first. If finite natures or substances do in fact participate in esse commune, this is ultimately because they participate in esse subsistens.”


See John F. Wippel, The Metaphysical Thought of Thomas Aquinas (Washington, D.C.: The Catholic University of America Press, 2000), 117 and 121.