Entry 0489: Reflections on the 28th Sunday of Ordinary Time
by Pope Francis
On three occasions during his pontificate, Pope Francis has delivered reflections on the 28th Sunday of Ordinary Time, on 13 October 2013, 12 October 2014, and 11 October 2015. Here are the texts of three brief addresses prior to the recitation of the Angelus and two homilies delivered on these occasions.
Vatican Basilica, Sunday, 12 October 2014
May the Virgin Mary help us to open our heart to Jesus’ love, to Jesus’ gaze, the only One who can satiate our thirst for happiness.
Saint Peter’s Square, Sunday, 13 October 2013
Dear Brothers and Sisters,
approximately 500 martyrs who were killed for
the faith during the Spanish Civil War in the 1930s are being beatified. We praise
the Lord for their courageous witness; through their intercession let us ask him
to free the world from every form of violence. Tarragona, Spain
I wish to thank all of you who have come out in such great numbers from
and from so many parts of the world for this
celebration of faith dedicated to Mary, our Mother. Rome, Italy
I greet the children from the “Little Footprints” International Orchestra for Peace, and the National Association of Mutilated and Disabled at Work.
I also greet the youth of
Rome who over the course of recent days have been
engaged in the “Jesus at the Centre” mission: always be missionaries of the Gospel,
every day and in every place! And I also gladly greet the inmates of the Castovillari
And now together let us pray the Angelus: Angelus Domini nuntiavit Mariae, ...
I wish you a blessed Sunday, have a nice lunch. Goodbye!
HOLY MASS FOR THE MARIAN DAY
ON THE OCCASION OF THE YEAR OF FAITH
HOMILY OF POPE FRANCIS
Saint Peter’s Square, Sunday, 13 October 2013
In the Psalm we said: “Sing to the Lord a new song, for he has done marvelous things” (Ps 98:1).
Today we consider one of the marvelous things which the Lord has done: Mary! A lowly and weak creature like ourselves, she was chosen to be the Mother of God, the Mother of her Creator.
Considering Mary in the light of the readings we have just heard, I would like to reflect with you on three things: first, God surprises us, second, God asks us to be faithful, and third, God is our strength.
1. First: God surprises us. The story of Naaman, the commander of the army of the king of
Aram, is remarkable. In order to be
healed of leprosy, he turns to the prophet of God, Elisha, who does not perform
magic or demand anything unusual of him, but asks him simply to trust in God and
to wash in the waters of the river. Not, however, in one of the great rivers of Damascus, but
in the little stream of the Jordan.
Naaman is left surprised, even taken aback. What kind of God is this who asks for
something so simple? He wants to turn back, but then he goes ahead, he immerses
himself in the Jordan and is immediately healed (see 2 Kg 5:1-4).
There it is: God surprises us. It is precisely in poverty, in weakness and in humility
that he reveals himself and grants us his love, which saves us, heals us and gives
us strength. He asks us only to obey his word and to trust in him.
This was the experience of the Virgin Mary. At the message of the angel, she does not hide her surprise. It is the astonishment of realizing that God, to become man, had chosen her, a simple maid of
Not someone who lived in a palace amid power and riches, or one who had done extraordinary
things, but simply someone who was open to God and put her trust in him, even without
understanding everything: “Here I am, the servant of the Lord; let it be with me
according to your word” (Lk 1:38).
That was her answer. God constantly surprises us, he bursts our categories, he wreaks
havoc with our plans. And he tells us: Trust me, do not be afraid, let yourself
be surprised, leave yourself behind and follow me!
Today let us all ask ourselves whether we are afraid of what God might ask, or of what he does ask. Do I let myself be surprised by God, as Mary was, or do I remain caught up in my own safety zone: in forms of material, intellectual or ideological security, taking refuge in my own projects and plans? Do I truly let God into my life? How do I answer him?
2. In the passage from
Saint Paul which we have heard, the Apostle tells his disciple
Timothy: Remember Jesus Christ; if we persevere with him, we will also reign with
him (see 2 Tim 2:8-13). This is the second thing: to remember
Christ always—to be mindful of Jesus Christ—and thus to persevere in faith. God surprises us with his love, but he demands that we be faithful in following
him. We can be unfaithful, but he cannot: he is “the faithful one” and he demands
of us that same fidelity. Think of all the times when we were excited about something
or other, some initiative, some task, but afterwards, at the first sign of difficulty,
we threw in the towel. Sadly, this also happens in the case of fundamental decisions,
such as marriage. It is the difficulty of remaining steadfast, faithful to decisions
we have made and to commitments we have made. Often it is easy enough to say “yes,”
but then we fail to repeat this “yes” each and every day. We fail to be faithful.
Mary said her “yes” to God: a “yes” which threw her simple life in
turmoil, and not only once. Any number of times she had to utter a heartfelt “yes”
at moments of joy and sorrow, culminating in the “yes” she spoke at the foot of
the Cross. Here today there are many mothers present; think of the full extent of
Mary’s faithfulness to God: seeing her only Son hanging on the Cross. The faithful
woman, still standing, utterly heartbroken, yet faithful and strong.
And I ask myself: Am I a Christian by fits and starts, or am I a Christian full-time? Our culture of the ephemeral, the relative, also takes it toll on the way we live our faith. God asks us to be faithful to him, daily, in our everyday life. He goes on to say that, even if we are sometimes unfaithful to him, he remains faithful. In his mercy, he never tires of stretching out his hand to lift us up, to encourage us to continue our journey, to come back and tell him of our weakness, so that he can grant us his strength. This is the real journey: to walk with the Lord always, even at moments of weakness, even in our sins. Never to prefer a makeshift path of our own. That kills us. Faith is ultimate fidelity, like that of Mary.
3. The last thing: God is our strength. I think of the ten lepers in the Gospel who were healed by Jesus. They approach him and, keeping their distance, they call out: “Jesus, Master, have mercy on us!” (Lk 17:13). They are sick, they need love and strength, and they are looking for someone to heal them. Jesus responds by freeing them from their disease. Strikingly, however, only one of them comes back, praising God and thanking him in a loud voice. Jesus notes this: ten asked to be healed and only one returned to praise God in a loud voice and to acknowledge that he is our strength. Knowing how to give thanks, to give praise for everything that the Lord has done for us.
Take Mary. After the Annunciation, her first act is one of charity towards her elderly kinswoman Elizabeth. Her first words are: “My soul magnifies the Lord,” in other words, a song of praise and thanksgiving to God not only for what he did for her, but for what he had done throughout the history of salvation. Everything is his gift. If we can realize that everything is God’s gift, how happy will our hearts be! Everything is his gift. He is our strength! Saying “thank you” is such an easy thing, and yet so hard! How often do we say “thank you” to one another in our families? These are essential words for our life in common. “Sorry,” “excuse me,” “thank you.” If families can say these three things, they will be fine. “Sorry,” “excuse me,” “thank you.” How often do we say “thank you” in our families? How often do we say “thank you” to those who help us, those close to us, those at our side throughout life? All too often we take everything for granted! This happens with God too. It is easy to approach the Lord to ask for something, but to go and thank him: “Well, I don’t need to.”
As we continue our celebration of the Eucharist, let us invoke Mary’s intercession. May she help us to be open to God’s surprises, to be faithful to him each and every day, and to praise and thank him, for he is our strength. Amen.
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ACT OF ENTRUSTMENT TO MARY
Blessed Virgin Mary of
with renewed gratitude for your motherly presence
we join in the voice of all generations that call you blessed.
We celebrate in you the great works of God,
who never tires of lowering himself in mercy over humanity,
afflicted by evil and wounded by sin,
to heal and to save it.
Accept with the benevolence of a Mother
this act of entrustment that we make in faith today,
before this your image, beloved to us.
We are certain that each one of us is precious in your eyes
and that nothing in our hearts has estranged you.
May that we allow your sweet gaze
to reach us and the perpetual warmth of your smile.
Guard our life with your embrace:
bless and strengthen every desire for good;
give new life and nourishment to faith;
sustain and enlighten hope;
awaken and animate charity;
guide us all on the path to holiness.
Teach us your own special love for the little and the poor,
for the excluded and the suffering,
for sinners and the wounded of heart:
gather all people under you protection
and give us all to your beloved Son, our Lord Jesus.
Saint Peter’s Square, Sunday, 12 October 2014
Dear Brothers and Sisters, Good Morning,
In this Sunday’s Gospel, Jesus speaks to us about the response given to the invitation from God—who is represented by a king—to participate in a wedding banquet (see Mt 22:1-14). The invitation has three characteristics: freely offered, breadth and universality. Many people were invited, but something surprising happened: none of the intended guests came to take part in the feast, saying they had other things to do; indeed, some were even indifferent, impertinent, even annoyed. God is good to us, he freely offers us his friendship, he freely offers us his joy, his salvation; but so often we do not accept his gifts, we place our practical concerns, our interests first. And when the Lord is calling to us, it so often seems to annoy us.
Some of the intended guests went so far as to abuse and kill the servants who delivered the invitation. But despite the lack of response from those called, God’s plan is never interrupted. In facing the rejection of the first invitees, He is not discouraged, He does not cancel the feast, but makes another invitation, expanding it beyond all reasonable limits, and sends his servants into the town squares and the byways to gather anyone they find. These, however, are ordinary, poor, neglected and marginalized people, good and bad alike—even bad people are invited—without distinction. And the hall is filled with “the excluded.” The Gospel, rejected by some, is unexpectedly welcomed in many other hearts.
The goodness of God has no bounds and does not discriminate against anyone. For this reason the banquet of the Lord’s gifts is universal, for everyone. Everyone is given the opportunity to respond to the invitation, to his call; no one has the right to feel privileged or to claim an exclusive right. All of this induces us to break the habit of conveniently placing ourselves at the centre, as did the High Priests and the Pharisees. One must not do this; we must open ourselves to the peripheries, also acknowledging that, at the margins too, even one who is cast aside and scorned by society is the object of God’s generosity. We are all called not to reduce the
Kingdom of God to the confines of the “little church”—our “tiny
little church”—but to enlarge the Church to the dimensions of the . However, there is one condition: wedding
attire must be worn, that is, charity toward God and neighbour must be shown. Kingdom of God
Let us entrust the tragedies and the hopes of so many of our excluded, weak, outcast, scorned brothers and sisters, as well as of those who are persecuted for reasons of faith, to the intercession of Most Holy Mary, and let us also invoke her protection upon the work of the Synod of Bishops, meeting in the Vatican during these days.
MASS OF THANKSGIVING FOR THE
EQUIVALENT CANONIZATION OF TWO CANADIAN SAINTS
HOMILY OF POPE FRANCIS
We have heard Isaiah’s prophecy: “The Lord God will wipe away the tears from all faces” (Is 25:8). These words, full of hope in God, point us to the goal, they show the future towards which we are journeying. Along this path the Saints go before us and guide us. These words also describe the vocation of men and women missionaries.
Missionaries are those who, in docility to the Holy Spirit, have the courage to live the Gospel. Even this Gospel which we have just heard: “Go, therefore, into the byways,” the king tells his servants (Mt 22:9). The servants then go out and assemble all those they find, “both good and bad,” and bring them to the King’s wedding feast (see v. 10).
Missionaries have received this call: they have gone out to call everyone, in the highways and byways of the world. In this way they have done immense good for the Church, for once the Church stops moving, once she becomes closed in on herself, she falls ill, she can be corrupted, whether by sins or by that false knowledge cut off from God which is worldly secularism.
Missionaries have turned their gaze to Christ crucified; they have received his grace and they have not kept it for themselves. Like Saint Paul, they have become all things to all people; they have been able to live in poverty and abundance, in plenty and hunger; they have been able to do all things in him who strengthens them (see Phil 4:12-13). With this God-given strength, they have the courage to “go forth” into the highways of the world with confidence in the Lord who has called them. Such is the life of every missionary man and woman, ending up far from home, far from their homeland; very often, they are killed, assassinated! This is what has happened even now to many of our brothers and sisters.
The Church’s mission of evangelization is essentially a proclamation of God’s love, mercy and forgiveness, revealed to us in the life, death and resurrection of Jesus Christ. Missionaries have served the Church’s mission by breaking the bread of God’s word for the poor and those far off, and by bringing to all the gift of the unfathomable love welling up from the heart of the Savior.
Such was the case with Saint François de Laval and Saint Marie de l’Incarnation. Dear pilgrims from
today I would like to leave you with two words of advice drawn from the Letter to
the Hebrews. Keeping missionaries in mind, they will be of great benefit for your
The first is this: “Remember your leaders, those who spoke the word of God to you; consider the outcome of their way of life, and imitate their faith” (13:7). The memory of the missionaries sustains us at a time when we are experiencing a scarcity of laborers in the service of the Gospel. Their example attracts us, they inspire us to imitate their faith. They are fruitful witnesses who bring forth life!
The second is this: “Recall those earlier days when, after you had been enlightened, you endured a hard struggle with sufferings. … Do not therefore abandon that confidence of yours; it brings a great reward. For you need endurance” (10:32, 35-36). Honoring those who endured suffering to bring us the Gospel means being ready ourselves to fight the good fight of faith with humility, meekness, and mercy, in our daily lives. And this bears fruit.
We must always remember those who have gone before us, those who founded the fruitful Church in Quebéc! The missionaries from
Quebec who went everywhere were fruitful. The world
was full of Canadian missionaries like François de Laval and Marie de l’Incarnation.
So a word of advice: remembering them prevents us from renouncing candor and courage.
Perhaps—indeed, even without perhaps—the devil is jealous and will not tolerate
that a land could be such fertile ground for missionaries. Let us pray to the Lord,
that Quebéc may once again bear much fruit, that it may give the world many missionaries.
May the two missionaries, who we celebrate today, and who—in a manner of speaking—founded
the Church in Québec, help us by their intercession. May the seed that they sowed
grow and bear fruit in new courageous men and women, who are far-sighted, with hearts
open to the Lord’s call. Today, each one must ask this for your homeland. The saints
will intercede for us from heaven. May Quebéc once again be a source of brave and
This, then, is the joy and the challenge of this pilgrimage of yours: to commemorate the witnesses, the missionaries of the faith in your country. Their memory sustains us always in our journey towards the future, towards the goal, when “the Lord God will wipe away the tears from all faces.”
“Let us be glad and rejoice in his salvation” (Is 25:9).
Saint Peter’s Square, Sunday, 11 October 2015
Dear Brothers and Sisters, Good morning!
Today’s Gospel, taken from Mark, Chapter 10, is divided into three scenes, punctuated by three gazes of Jesus.
The first scene presents the encounter between the Teacher and a fellow who—according to the parallel passage of Matthew—is identified as a “young man.” The encounter of Jesus with a young man. This man runs up to Jesus, kneels and calls him “Good Teacher.” Then he asks: “what must I do to inherit eternal life,” in other words, happiness (v. 17). “Eternal life” is not only the afterlife, but is a full life, fulfilled, without limitations. What must we do to achieve it? Jesus’ answer restates the commandments that refer to loving one’s neighbours. In this regard the young man has nothing to reproach; but clearly, observing the precepts is not enough. It does not satisfy his desire for fulfillment. Jesus perceives this desire that the young man bears in his heart; for this reason his response is expressed in an intense gaze filled with tenderness and love. The Gospel thus says: “[Jesus] looking upon him loved him” (v. 21). He realized he was a good young man. But Jesus also understood his interlocutor’s weakness, and offers him a practical proposal: to give all his possessions to the poor and follow Him. That young man’s heart, however, was divided between two masters: God and money, and he went away sorrowful. This shows that faith and attachment to riches cannot coexist. Thus, in the end, the young man’s initial enthusiasm is dampened in the unhappiness of a sunken sequela.
In the second scene the Evangelist frames the eyes of Jesus, and this time it is a pensive gaze, one of caution: “[Jesus] looked around and said to his disciples: ‘How hard it will be for those who have riches to enter the
!’” (v. 23). To the
astonishment of the disciples, who ask him: “Then who can be saved?” (v. 26), Jesus
responds with a encouraging gaze—it is the third gaze—and says: salvation,
yes, “with men it is impossible, but not with God!” (v. 27). If we trust in the
Lord, we can overcome all obstacles that impede us from following him on the path
of faith. Trust in the Lord. He will give us strength, he gives us salvation, he
accompanies us on the way. kingdom
And thus we arrive at the third scene, that of Jesus’ solemn declaration: Truly, I say to you those who leave all to follow me shall have eternal life in the age to come and a hundredfold now in this time (see vv. 29-30). This “hundredfold” is comprised of things first possessed and then left, but which shall be restored and multiplied ad infinitum. In divesting oneself of possessions, one receives in exchange the comfort of true good; freed from the slavery of things, one earns the freedom of serving out of love; in renouncing possessions, one acquires the joy of giving. As Jesus said: “It is more blessed to give than to receive” (see Acts 20:35).
The young man did not allow himself to be conquered by Jesus’ loving gaze, and thus was not able to change. Only by accepting with humble gratitude the love of the Lord do we free ourselves from the seduction of idols and the blindness of our illusions. Money, pleasure, success dazzle but then disappoint: they promise life but procure death. The Lord asks us to detach ourselves from these false riches in order to enter into true life, the full, authentic, luminous life. I ask you, young people, young men and young women, who are here now in the Square: “Have you felt Jesus’ gaze upon you? Do you prefer to leave this Square with the joy that Jesus gives us or with the sadness of heart that worldliness offers us?”
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For reflections on the 28th Sunday of Ordinary Time
by Pope Benedict XVI,
please scroll down to the bottom of this page.
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For reflections on the 28th Sunday of Ordinary Time
by Pope Benedict XVI,
please scroll down to the bottom of this page.
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