John Paul II does not belittle the power of the philosophy of being as many interpreters of his thought do. In Memory and Identity (Rizzoli, New York, 2005, p 12), John Paul II writes,
If we wish to speak rationally about good and evil, we have to return to Saint Thomas Aquinas, that is, to the philosophy of being.
According to the Pope, phenomenological analysis ends up in a vacuum if it does not find its significance within the larger horizon of the philosophy of being. John Paul II presents Aquinas’ metaphysics as an unsurpassable human achievement. And he is emphatic: “Everything else that is true will find a place within this metaphysics.”